Labour Laws

  1. The Worker’s Compensation Act, 1923
  2. The Trade Unions Act, 1926
  3. The Payment of Wages Act, 1936 
  4. The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946
  5. The Indian Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
  6. The Minimum Wages Act, 1948
  7. The Weekly Holidays Act, 1948
  8. The Factories Act, 1948
  9. The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948
  10. The Plantation Labour Act, 1951
  11. The Mines Act, 1952
  12. The Employees Provident Fund Act, 1952
  13. The Working Journalists (Fixation of Rates of Wages) Act, 1958
  14. The Employment Exchange (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959
  15. The Maternity Benefits Act, 1961
  16. The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
  17. The Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966
  18. The Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970
  19. The Payments of Gratuity Act, 1972
  20. The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976
  21. The Sales Promotion Employees (Conditions of Service) Act, 1976
  22. The Beedi Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1976
  23. The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976
  24. The Inter State Migrant Workers (Regulation of Employment and Condition of Service) Act, 1979
  25. The Cine Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1981
  26. The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986  
  27. The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
  28. The Protection of Human Rights Act 1993, 
  29. The Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act 1996, 
  30. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005, 
  31. The Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act 2006, 
  32. The Food Security Act, 2009
  33. The Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act, 2009
  34. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009
  35. The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012, 
  36. The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2013

These above laws have many provisions to safeguard the interests of workers of organised and unorganised sectors in India. Labour comes under the concurrent list of the Indian Constitution. These labour laws also known as employment laws is the body of laws, administrative rulings, and precedents which address the legal rights of, and restrictions on, working people and their organizations. As such, it mediates many aspects of the relationship between trade unions, employers and employees. In other words, Labour law defines the rights and obligations as workers, union members and employers in the workplace for sustaining the progress.