THE KEY CLASSIFICATION OF LABOUR ARE AS UNDER
(1) Organised Workers (or) Formal Sector
(2) Un organised Workers (or) Informal Sector
INTER-STATE MIGRANT WORKERS
Inter-State migrant workers are more vulnerable to all-types-of-exploitation as many of them are poor, underprivileged, discomfort, ignorant and live in hazardous locations. Due to COVID-19, migrant workers are facing countless challenges which includes modern slavery, mistreatment, unsafe working conditions, contract violations, abuse, psychological problems, non-payment of wages and over exploitation.
MARGINALISED TRIBAL LABOURERS
Implications of COVID-19 outbreak is having a real and immediate economic impact on tribals and already lost livelihoods – particularly on semi-nomadic tribal groups. Economic challenges during the crisis pose a serious threat to tribal women and expose them to increased risk of exploitation or abuse. Women and girls facing severe economic shocks are more likely to take on high-risk work for their economic survival.
LANDLESS WAGE LABOURERS
Collapsing economic demand and the lockdown of industries and livelihood activities in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic is increasing the supply of wage labourers in search of any job, work and employment. This is exactly the type of vulnerability that traffickers and fraudulent labour contracts seek to exploit. The unorganised wage workers, who are in no position to negotiate wages or their rights, will be the major sufferers.
DOMESTIC WOMEN WORKERS
More than four million domestic workers in India are remain as labourers in informal sector, which is unregulated, unnoticed and unrecognised. Their wages are, on average, only a third of those in other sectors, they have very limited social protections, and commonly suffer poor working conditions, exploitation, abuse and forms of slavery and current COVID-19 is made them into further marginalisation and discrimination.
RESCUED BONDED LABOURERS
Vulnerable people are trafficked for labour exploitation under the bonded labour system which is a crime. Industries found to be involved in the contemporary forms of slavery include but are not restricted to brick-kilns, constructions, cotton fields, agriculture and domestic works. Bonded labourers are facing number of atrocities and exploitations due to their socio-economic, situation and women and children are the victims.